Right from the beginning don’t let the puppy make mistakes, just one mistake is the beginning of a habit forming and it also scent marks the area and no matter what cleaning methods you use, the dog will always be drawn the that area again (Ian Dunbar)
House soiling is an example of a natural behaviour just happening in the wrong place.
Once again here we want to reward the good behaviour and ignore the bad behaviour. So when pup is out in the garden and relieves himself in his designated area we want to be there with yummy treats to reward him for doing such a good job. He will start to learn that when I go to the toilet at this spot I get treats, I must come back here why would I waste going to the toilet inside then I don’t get treats. Plus puppy has also marked his scent on this spot so it will naturally draw him to this spot. Offer graduated rewards for closeness to his designated area. If puppy just runs outside and relieves himself give him a small treat, as he relieves closer to the ideal spot up the amount of treats so in essence we are marking the spot where we would ideally like him to relieve himself and as he realises that the closer to the spot he is the more treats he gets it only makes sense for him to get as close to the spot as possible. Never understate rewards for eliminating in the right place.
Timing is the most effective tool when house training, it relies a lot on your ability to recognise when your pup needs to relieve himself. Then you can direct your puppy to the correct spot and the rewards can begin. Short term confinement allows us to to be more accurate in our prediction. When our puppy is confined to a small area he is temporarily (+- 90 mins) inhibited from relieving himself as he wouldn’t want to mess in his sleeping area this will generally make the puppy want to go and relieve himself immediately once he has been released from his confined area. When home keep puppy on leash or in his confinement area. EVERY hour release your puppy and guide him outside to go and relieve himself to his designated area, in the beginning you can keep him on leash while you guide him to his spot while giving the command “outside” just get there quickly as the poor little guy will probably be bursting to go and also the quicker we move the less likely he will stop and have a sniff at the wrong spot. Once you reach the spot give your dog a command “Go pee” give your pup +- 3minutes to relieve himself. Once puppy has relieved himself in the right spot HUGE rewards are due, Good boy, cuddle and treats and play, our pup needs to feel like he just won the gold medal at the Olympics that’s how good his performance just was.
If puppy does not relieve himself, don’t worry just take him back inside to his confined area for another hour and try again 1 hour later eventually puppy will relive himself and he will get his HUGE reward and puppy will quickly learn the pattern “outside” “go pee” HUGE reward and a good habit will form. Now your puppy will want relive himself when and where you want. We must remember that puppies are not 100% reliable until they are 6 months old but as long as we set them up for success and reward the appropriate behaviour a simple “outside” verbal command is all that is needed if we catch our little one about to eliminate in the wrong place, the tone of our voice lets our pup know he is about to make a mistake and the word “outside” gives him the instruction of where he must go. We must NEVER use physical punishment the last thing we need is for our pup to be scared to relieve himself when we are around this will just make him be more discreet on where he eliminates himself, and make house training a nightmare. Also if by chance puppy does relieve himself in the home, just clean it up, there is no way the pup will connect you shouting at him to the little puddle he made sometime during the day, he will just learn that when you get home he better go and get out of your way because you are not great person to be around. Remember we don’t want to imply to our pup that going to the toilet is a bad thing, we just need to teach him that we humans like to have designated area to go to the toilet.
REWARD good behaviour IGNORE bad behaviour.